Let My People Go...
December 27, 2015 Speaker: Series: Life Lessons From Old Testament People
Passage: Exodus 6:1–12:51, 2 Samuel 22:3–22:4
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Strong Promises Followed by Discouragement Exodus 6:1-13 NLT
Then the Lord told Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh. When he feels the force of my strong hand, he will let the people go. In fact, he will force them to leave his land!” 2 And God said to Moses, “I am Yahweh—‘the Lord.’ 3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as El-Shaddai—‘God Almighty’—but I did not reveal my name, Yahweh, to them. 4 And I reaffirmed my covenant with them. Under its terms, I promised to give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as foreigners. 5 You can be sure that I have heard the groans of the people of Israel, who are now slaves to the Egyptians. And I am well aware of my covenant with them. 6 “Therefore, say to the people of Israel: ‘I am the Lord. I will free you from your oppression and will rescue you from your slavery in Egypt. I will redeem you with a powerful arm and great acts of judgment. 7 I will claim you as my own people, and I will be your God. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God who has freed you from your oppression in Egypt. 8 I will bring you into the land I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. I will give it to you as your very own possession. I am the Lord!’” 9 So Moses told the people of Israel what the Lord had said, but they refused to listen anymore. They had become too discouraged by the brutality of their slavery. 10 Then the Lord said to Moses, 11 “Go back to Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, and tell him to let the people of Israel leave his country.” 12 “But Lord!” Moses objected. “My own people won’t listen to me anymore. How can I expect Pharaoh to listen? I’m such a clumsy speaker!” 13 But the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and gave them orders for the Israelites and for Pharaoh, the king of Egypt. The Lord commanded Moses and Aaron to lead the people of Israel out of Egypt.
Why Did God Send The Plagues? Exodus 7:1-5 NLT
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pay close attention to this. I will make you seem like God to Pharaoh, and your brother, Aaron, will be your prophet. 2 Tell Aaron everything I command you, and Aaron must command Pharaoh to let the people of Israel leave his country. 3 But I will make Pharaoh’s heart stubborn so I can multiply my miraculous signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. 4 Even then Pharaoh will refuse to listen to you. So I will bring down my fist on Egypt. Then I will rescue my forces—my people, the Israelites—from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 5 When I raise my powerful hand and bring out the Israelites, the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord.”
Yahweh vs Egyptian Gods Exodus Chapters 7-11 NLT
- Nile turned to blood—Isis, goddess of the Nile. Exodus 7:16-18
- Invasion of frogs—Heqet, frog-headed goddess of birth. Exodus 8:13-14
- Gnats as thick as dust—Set, god of the desert. Exodus 8:19
- Flies everywhere—Uatchit, the fly god. Exodus 8:21-24
- Livestock die—Hathor (goddess) and Apis (god) depicted as cattle. Exodus 9:7
- Boils on humans and animals—Sekhmet, Sunu & Isis, all gods of health. Exodus 9:8-12
- Killer hailstorm—Nut, the sky goddess. Exodus 9:13-35
- Swarms of locusts—Osiris, green-skinned god of regeneration. Exodus 10:1-20
- Darkness covers Egypt—Re, the sun god symbolized by Pharaoh. Exodus 10:21-23
- Death of firstborn—Bes, goddess who protects children, Exodus 11:1-10
Did God Use Nature When He Sent The Plagues?
- Nile turned to blood—Climate change causes fresh water algae, kills fish (like red tide).
- Invasion of frogs—Dry weather and stress cause tadpoles to emerge prematurely and seek clean water.
- Gnats as thick as dust—The result of dead frogs and fish not eating them.
- Flies everywhere—Born of the frog carcases.
- Livestock die—Bacterial illness from the bad water and dead frogs.
- Boils on humans and animals—Biting flies.
- Killer hailstorm—Eruption on Greek island Santorini (Three fourths of this large island blew away in the largest volcanic eruption in ancient history. This would drastically change the weather and blot out the sun).
- Swarms of locusts—Humidity caused by melting hail (Santorini would cause hail).
- Darkness covers Egypt—Atmospheric changes due to volcano on Santorini.
- Death of firstborn—Moldy grain (Santorini humidity) plus firstborn Egyptians were given double portion of food. Dominant animals (usually includes firstborn) hog food.
How Could a Good God Do This?
- Pharaoh had ordered the murder of every male child in Israel.
- God showed grace to his people, though they didn’t acknowledge him.
- God keeps his promises.
- God is a protector. Egypt never attacked them during that time because they knew their gods couldn’t stand up to the Lord.
2 Samuel 22:3-4 NLT
My God is my rock, in whom I find protection. He is my shield, the power that saves me,
and my place of safety. He is my refuge, my savior, the one who saves me from violence.
4 I called on the Lord, who is worthy of praise, and he saved me from my enemies.